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Batoum


List of Schools    EN GR RU

Author: TCHKOIDZE ΕΚΑ
History EN GR RU

The schools which operated in mosques throughout Oblast of Batumi totaled 119 where 4000 children were studying, in contrast to the schools of the area whose number amounted to 6 and the number of students to 273. The total number of schools and educational institutions in the city was 19 (it is about the period between 1878 and 1906):[1]

1. The high school of the Imperial majesty of the great lord Michael Nikolaevits. It was founded on the 1st of July of 1897 at the expenses of the State Treasury of 15819 rubles and the municipality of Batumi of 15000 rubles. Fees amounted to 60 rubles[2] and the number of students to 480 people. In 1899 a care association was founded for the needs of high school students which spent every year about 2.5 thousand rubles in order to cover the poor students’ expenses by giving money for their uniforms, medical care, educational excursions and their entertainment.[3] The total expenditure of the municipality for the high school amounted to 21000 rubles annually.[4] It started with 198 students. In the academic year 1904-1905 there were 452 students. The first graduates of 1904 were just 26 people, including 7 Russians, 13 Georgians, 2 Armenians, 2 Polish, a Jew and a Greek.[5]

2. Female High School in Batumi. It was established on the 26th of September of 1900 at the expenses of the State Treasury of 2000 rubles and the municipality of the city of 1300 rubles. Fees amounted to 60 rubles and the number of students to 280.[6]

3. Asian School of Batumi[7] (6 years attendance). It was founded on the 1st of July of 1881 (at the expenses of the State Treasury of 3557 rubles and of the municipality of 2285, fees amounted to 20 rubles and there was a number of 293 students).[8]

4. Female School. It was founded on the 20th of September of 1890[9], at the expenses of the State Treasury of 152 rubles and of the municipality of 4910 rubles, fees were 20 rubles annually,[10]and the schoolgirls were 165.

5. Industrial School in Batumi. It was founded on the 8th of October of 1889. The expenses were 18157 rubles (of the State Treasury), 500 rubles (of the municipality), fees were 6 rubles annually, and there were 75 students.

6. School Association for the Promotion of Scholarship between Georgians. It was founded in 1881 and had 210 students.[11]

7. Private School of Mrs. Palieva, it was founded in 1888, 29 students.

8. Private School of Mrs. Lebedova, it was founded in 1898, 84 students.

9. Private School of Mrs. Zheltukhina, it was founded in 1902, 10 students.

10. Private School of Mr. Beraia, it was founded in 1902, 14 students.

11. Private School of Mrs. Mepisova, it was founded in 1903.[12]

12. State Agricultural School of Batumi (2 years of attendance), it was founded in 1895, 60 students.

13. Female School of Batumi (2 years of attendance), it was founded in 1886, 124 students.

14. School of Batumi #1 (one year’s attendance), the municipality of the city had undertaken maintenance costs, it was founded in 1901, 69 students.[13]

15. Female School, it was founded in 1898, 71 students.[14]

16. Female School, it was founded in 1892, 82 students.

17. Asian School of Batumi (one year’s attendance), it was founded in 1903.

18. Urban School (6 years attendance), it was founded in 1903.[15]

19. Ecclesiastic (Parish) School, it was founded in 1894, 105 students.

It is worth noting that in the city were operating two more parochial schools of the Armenian and Greek communities respectively. The Armenian school was opened in 1887. Later the municipality granted to the school the area of 400 square where the Armenian community in 1896 built a stone building (it was one and a half floor). Similarly, the same land was granted by the municipality to the Greek school, where the local Greek community built a one store stone building. This school received from 1890 an annual grant by the municipality of 200 rubles.[16]

 


[1] All relevant information is derived from (“Batumi and its surroundings”), Batumi 1906, pp. 17-19. In the corresponding section of the book all schools of the wider area are mentioned that is a total of 28. We refer only to those which were operating in Batumi.

[2] It is not specified but it is rather an annual amount.

[3] In the relevant passage is not clear where this particular item came from.

[4] P. 603

[5] P. 606

[6] In the building of this high school a school of David Aghmashenebeli is functioning now.

[7] The Russian word xxxx(the equivalent in Georgian is) we prefer to translate as school since in this case is about something broader and more specialized.

[8] The actions for the establishment of this school started immediately after 1879 (see all the details in…….pp.589-590). The school was initially located in the house of Bakhmetev on Mikhailovsky Street. F. Bagdanov was appointed as teacher-inspector of the school and D. Zedginidze as a teacher. Also the municipality for the maintenance of the Female school (it is not specified which one but it is rather the school No 13) spent 500 rubles annually. ….p.590.

[9] On this day it started operating in the new building under a new regime. It was founded much earlier, in 1881, as we have already mentioned.

[10] At this point it is specified that is about an annual sum.

[11] For the maintenance of this school the municipality was spending 500 rubles annually. P. 596

[12] All these private schools due to limited capacities were not considered particularly serious at the time. (1877-1920) (=Essays on the History of Southwestern Georgia: Adjara), 4 vol. ed., vol. 3 “The province of Batumi between 1877 and 1920), p. 534.

[13] The age limit for a child to be admitted in elementary school was from 7 to 12 years. P. 614

[14] It is about the #1st Elementary female school of the city. The first graduates of 1900 were only 10 people, p.613.

[15] These schools (Nos. 17 and 18) that were founded in the same year (1903), were devoted to the 25th anniversary of the reintegration of the region, which was celebrated with great pomp on the 25th of August of the same year. No 17 was# 2 Elementary female school and No 18 # was2 Elementary school for boys. P. 613. The indicative salary of a teacher in Georgian language in both schools amounted to 360 rubles annually, while for a handicraft teacher amounted to 180 rubles plus another 50 rubles for the material needed for her lesson. P. 614. The total expenditure of the municipality for the maintenance on all elementary schools in the city amounted to 20000 rubles annually, p. 615.

[16] P. 596.


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