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Galatz


Prices of grain exports    EN

Author: ARDELEANU KONSTANTIN

Wheat exports from the Danubian ports (1837–1852)

Quantities (in quarters) and values (in sterling pounds)[1]

Port

Galaţi

Brăila

Year

Quantity (quarters)

Average price (shillings)

Total value (pounds)

Quantity (quarters)

Average price (shillings)

Total value (pounds)

1837

98,380

15

73,785

75,792

14

53,054

1838

171,813

16

137,450

61,524

15

46,143

1839

150,378

24

180,454

143,184

-

-

1840

230,568

26

299,738

132,596

24

159,115

1841

100,855

24

121,026

84,692

22

93,161

1842

154,675

21

162,409

160,121

20

160,121

1843

107,634

17

91,489

322,343

16

257,874

1844

166,535

16

133,228

347,888

17

295,705

1845

180,032

24

216,038

314,940

23

362,181

1846

110,902

27

149,718

327,526

26

425,784

1847

180,860

32

289,376

390,818

30

586,227

1848

113,605

22

124,966

159,484

20

159,484

1849

173,797

23

199,867

117,346

20

117,346

1850

140,652

23

161,750

283,290

19

269,126

1851

134,474

21

141,198

283,106

18

254,795

1852

187,555

22

206,311

343,584

20

343,584

Maize exports from the Danubian ports (1837–52)

Quantities (in quarters) and values (in sterling pounds)[2]

Port

Galaţi

Brăila

Year

Quantity (quarters)

Average price (shillings)

Total value (pounds)

Quantity (quarters)

Average price (shillings)

Total value (pounds)

1837

86,964

8

34,786

24,313

8

9,725

1838

58,374

8

23,350

37,200

8

14,880

1839

128,649

12

77,189

57,172

-

-

1840

189,037

17

160,681

68,586

16

54,869

1841

35,394

16

28,315

26,818

15

20,114

1842

93,531

12

56,119

10,221

11

5,622

1843

140,662

10

70,331

121,309

9 s / 6 d

57,622

1844

174,023

11

95,713

128,221

10 s / 6 d

67,316

1845

157,101

13

102,116

124,714

12

74,828

1846

336,627

20

336,627

163,145

19

154,988

1847

318,605

25

398,256

619,115

25

773,894

1848

143,727

19

136,541

292,115

18

262,904

1849

258,763

18

232,887

332,532

16

266,026

1850

122,875

18

110,588

149,734

15 s / 6 d

116,044

1851

350,682

16

280,546

646,617

12 s / 6 d

404,136

1852

329,279

16 s / 6 d

271,655

725,259

13 s / 6 d

489,550

Romania’s grain exports (1861–1915)

Quantities (in thousand tons), values (in thousand lei) and average price[3]

Year

Total exports (quantities in thousand tons)

Total export (Values in thousand lei)

Average price

(lei per ton)

Wheat

Maize

Wheat

Maize

Wheat

Maize

1861

255.3

251.3

42,163

28,133

165.1508

111.9499

1862

309.9

208.8

48,265

23,367

155.7438

111.9109

1863

258.4

220.3

50,782

28,867

196.5248

131.0350

1864

356.5

294.7

64,889

37,715

182.0168

127.9776

1865

NA

NA

44,541

27,964

NA

NA

1866

233.9

134.6

54,889

17,407

234.6687

129.3239

1867

343.8

17.5

63,036

3,823

183.3508

218.4571

1868

436.7

229.5

97,257

31,785

222.7090

138.4967

1869

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

1870

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

1871

362.6

366.7

47,140

32,999

130.0055

89.9891

1872

300.9

357.2

39,114

32,152

129.9900

90.0112

1873

246.8

309.6

32,082

27,864

129.9919

90.0000

1874

247.3

214.1

32,155

19,273

130.0243

90.0187

1875

358.5

222.5

46,603

20,025

129.9944

90.0000

1876

130.2

261.3

16,931

23,521

130.0384

90.0153

1877

143.1

298.2

18,604

26,834

130.0070

89.9866

1878

298.3

480.4

38,775

43,235

129.9866

89.9979

1879

450.5

565.8

58,566

50,922

130.0022

90.0000

1880

399.7

393.4

51,961

35,404

130.0000

89.9949

1881

203.0

844.4

26,391

75,992

130.0049

89.9953

1882

400.0

636.8

52,005

57,315

130.0125

90.0047

1883

401.6

606.1

52,204

54,552

129.9900

90.0049

1884

265.9

571.8

34,568

51,460

130.0038

89.9965

1885

383.5

668.0

49,859

60,122

130.0104

90.0030

1886

305.1

743.6

39,660

66,921

129.9902

89.9960

1887

502.2

733.3

65,281

65,993

129.9900

89.9945

1888

830.6

376.2

107,903

33,856

129.9097

89.9947

1889

945.4

528.7

122,901

47,579

129.9989

89.9924

1890

922.8

746.3

119,968

67,169

130.0043

90.0027

1891

661.4

700.9

85,979

63,082

129.9955

90.0014

1892

771.0

657.7

100,232

59,191

130.0026

89.9970

1893

703.0

1212.1

91,384

109,090

129.9915

90.0008

1894

683.6

694.4

88,869

62,499

130.0015

90.0043

1895

971.2

330.8

126,261

29,775

130.0051

90.0091

1896

1224.8

443.9

159,222

39,952

129.9984

90.0023

1897

434.0

781.8

56,414

70,358

129.9862

89.9949

1898

580.3

1119.3

75,434

100,733

129.9914

89.9964

1899

181.3

595.5

23,573

53,593

130.0221

89.9966

1900

721.7

434.1

93,818

39,068

129.9958

89.9977

1901

568.5

1161.4

73,908

104,530

130.0053

90.0034

1902

918.5

1092.6

119,410

98,332

130.0054

89.9982

1903

883.1

789.5

108,306

71,053

122.6430

89.9975

1904

710.5

458.3

92,368

41,247

130.0042

90.0000

1905

1716.4

36.6

251,342

5,107

146.4356

139.5355

1906

1727.8

603.4

231,523

65,774

133.9987

109.0056

1907

1151.4

1389.7

207,256

166,766

180.0035

120.0014

1908

714.3

735.6

140,367

98,569

196.5099

133.9981

1909

857.7

739.0

178,402

102,716

208.0005

138.9932

1910

1841.4

594.8

329,609

69,597

178.9991

117.0091

1911

1458.0

1555.3

244,803

183,218

167.9033

117.8024

1912

1371.6

1085.0

256,496

146,699

187.0050

135.2065

1913

1152.6

974.4

208,152

115,765

180.5934

118.8064

1914

559.1

1143.1

101,933

140,264

182.3162

122.7049

1915

24.2

459.1

12,350

211,200

510.3306

460.0305

 


[1] Paul Cernovodeanu, Beatrice Marinescu and Irina Gavrilă, “Comerţul britanic prin Galaţi şi Brăila între 1837–1852”, Revista de Istorie, 31:1 (1978), 635–639; Cernovodeanu, Marinescu, “British Trade in the Danubian Ports of Galatz and Braila between 1837 and 1853”, Journal of European Economic History, 8:3 (1979), 716–717 (percentage and totals recalculated by me).

[2] Cernovodeanu, Marinescu and Gavrilă, “Comerţul britanic”, 635–639; Cernovodeanu, Marinescu, “British Trade”, 716–717 (percentage and totals recalculated by me).

[3] Average prices as they results by dividing total value to quantity – Victor Axenciuc, Evoluţia economică a României. Cercetări statistico-istorice, 1859–1947, vol. III, Monedă – Credit – Comerţ – Finanţe Publice (Bucharest: Editura Academiei Române, 2000), 369–379 (Tables 132–133).



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