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Galatz


The consulates    EN

Author: ARDELEANU KONSTANTIN

The juridical background related to the establishment of consulates in the Romanian Principalities / Romania varied greatly during the 19th century. With the two principalities considered as Ottoman autonomous provinces, consulates, vice–consulates or consular agencies were only opened with the agreement of the Sublime Porte, according to its capitulations with foreign powers. After the creation of modern Romania, the government in Bucharest fought for the abolishment of consular jurisdiction, which it eventually succeeded after the gaining of national independence in 1878.

As there were significant gaps between the moment when a vice–consulate or consulate was formally recognised and when its titular consular was appointed, we can only provide an approximate list of the consulates that existed at Galaţi, also mentioning that the existence of several institutions was extremely transitory[1].

 

Consulate

Date of establishment

Austria

1798 (starostie)

1833 (vice–consulate)

1835 (consulate)

Belgium

1838

Denmark

1853

France

Early 19th century (diplomatic agency)

1836 (consular agency)

1852 (consulate)

Great Britain

1836 (vice–consulate)

1860 (consulate)

Greece

1835

Hanseatic Cities

1859

Persia

Attested in early 20th century

Prussia / Germany

1837 (vice–consulate)

Russia

1825 (consular agency)

1836 (consulate)

Sardinia / Italy

1833

Spain

1870

Sweden–Norway

Before 1850 (vice–consulate)

Switzerland

1881

The Kingdom of the Two Sicilies

1841

The Netherlands

1841

Turkey

1877

USA

1859


 

[1] The list is based on information from Moise N. Pacu, Cartea judeţului Covurluiu. Note geografice, istorice şi în deosebi statistice (Bucharest: Stabilimentul Grafic I. V. Socecu, 1891), 390–404, with additions from other sources, such as Paul Păltănea, Istoria oraşului Galaţi de la origini până la 1918, second edition, edited by Eugen Drăgoi, vol. I and II (Galaţi: Editura Partener, 2008).


References

Websites:

Archival sources:

Serviciul Judeţean Galaţi al Arhivelor Naţionale (The National Archives, Galaţi Branch), Consulatul General al Angliei la Galaţi (General Consulate of England at Galaţi), 1 file covering the years 1877–1879.

Serviciul Judeţean Galaţi al Arhivelor Naţionale (The National Archives, Galaţi Branch), Consulatul General al Rusiei la Galaţi (General Consulate of Russia at Galaţi), 2 files from the period 1853–1893.

Serviciul Judeţean Galaţi al Arhivelor Naţionale (The National Archives, Galaţi Branch), Comisia Europeană a Dunării (The European Commission of the Danube), files starting with 1856.


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