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Constantza


Entrances & clearances of the ports    EN

Author: ARDELEANU KONSTANTIN

Table 5.6_1

Entries into the harbour of Constanţa [1]

Year

Sailing ships

Steamers

Total

Tonnage

Average

1879

472

249

721

222,278

308

1880

408

274

682

207,836

304

1881

307

257

564

219,261

389

1882

327

244

571

225,148

394

1883

219

203

422

174,257

413

1884

423

194

317

168,926

533

1885

131

209

340

194,681

572

1886

173

211

384

199,909

520

1887

113

281

394

249,605

633

1888

143

265

408

261,197

640

1889

140

220

360

198,223

550

1890

109

189

298

187,953

630

1891

133

159

292

153,503

525

1892

125

148

273

159,246

583

1893

114

175

289

182,559

631

1894

131

284

415

272,416

656

1895

87

301

388

269,334

694

1896

152

608

760

587,871

773

1897

135

569

704

574,443

816

1898

117

537

754

594,225

908

1899

123

473

596

568,852

954

1900

133

425

558

485,642

870

1901

77

442

519

552,718

1,065

1902

71

510

581

633,958

1,091

1903

77

560

637

723,854

1,136

Table 5.6_2

Clearances into the Harbour of Constanţa [2]

Year

Sailing ships

Steamers

Total

Tonnage

Average

1879

468

248

716

211,932

295

1880

403

275

678

216,339

319

1881

304

260

564

216,079

383

1882

327

243

570

223,831

392

1883

220

203

423

174,627

412

1884

121

194

315

168,237

534

1885

125

206

331

192,247

580

1886

180

211

391

200,374

512

1887

111

281

392

290,917

742

1888

141

263

404

256,744

635

1889

136

219

355

198,424

558

1890

112

192

304

190,020

625

1891

127

160

287

153,688

535

1892

126

143

269

155,248

577

1893

115

177

292

185,888

636

1894

132

282

414

265,025

632

1895

83

301

384

268,157

698

1896

148

602

750

590,193

786

1897

134

567

701

574,908

820

1898

115

541

656

594,472

906

1899

75

474

549

560,607

1021

1900

133

427

560

489,255

873

1901

79

427

506

543,351

1,073

1902

62

510

572

639,857

1,118

1903

79

558

637

721,875

1,133

Table 5.6_3

Maritime trade at Constanţa [3]

Year

1879

1887

1897

1903

1908

Romanian

0

0

325

0

0

Austrian–Hungarian

176

182

367

260

280

Bulgarian

12

4

8

6

4

English

105

111

210

198

305

French

158

140

15

46

41

German

8

8

62

65

62

Greek

193

79

11

110

119

Italian

22

9

134

209

154

Dutch & Belgian

0

0

10

6

13

Ottoman

645

253

252

142

257

Russian

92

0

3

0

40

Samiot

18

0

0

0

0

Sweden–Norway

2

0

2

0

0

Rumeliot

6

0

0

0

0

Spanish

0

0

0

2

4

Others

0

0

0

2

0

Total

1,437

786

1,399

1,046

1,279

Table 5.6_4

Maritime trade at Constanţa (1888–1897) [4]

Year

1888

1889

1890

1891

1892

1893

1894

1895

1896

1897

Romanian

36

51

30

49

2

5

10

68

203

325

French

129

75

70

8

12

13

14

4

9

15

Italian

5

7

3

0

2

2

84

104

128

134

British

138

124

97

63

86

168

92

106

247

210

German

0

0

2

10

6

16

12

18

210

62

Austrian–Hungarian

184

170

176

174

153

120

168

177

370

367

Ottoman

238

218

176

220

212

200

328

165

256

258

Russian

4

6

6

2

2

4

10

6

0

3

Belgian

0

2

0

0

0

0

0

2

0

2

Dutch

0

0

0

0

0

0

2

0

10

8

Greek

76

60

40

45

66

49

99

98

67

11

Swedish–Norwegian

0

0

0

2

0

4

0

2

4

2

Samiot

0

0

0

2

0

0

0

2

4

2

Bulgarian

2

2

2

5

1

0

0

22

2

8

Spanish

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

2

0

Total

812

715

602

580

542

581

819

772

1,510

1,405

Table 5.6_5

Maritime trade at Constanţa (1905–1914) [5]

Year

Entered

Cleared

No.

Tonnage

No.

Tonnage

1905

691

849,706

694

844,048

1906

760

953,833

737

924,896

1907

802

1,015,973

797

1,058,220

1908

764

889,714

744

866,712

1909

733

937,441

735

951,884

1910

843

1,127,228

839

1,122,743

1911

996

1,243,181

982

1,231,635

1912

1,006

1,237,570

1,000

1,238,617

1913

1,165

1,460,001

1,163

1,430,991

1914

1,168

1,147,980

1,148

1,159,915

 


[1] C. Christodorescu, Portul Constanţa. Mişcare comercială şi maritimă în anul 1903 (Constanţa: Tipografia Ovidiu, 1905), 146–147; also in Paul Cernovodeanu, “Anglo–Romanian Trade relations between 1878–1900”, Revue Roumaine d’Histoire, 29:3–4 (1990), 272 (Table 8)

[2] Christodorescu, Portul, 147–148.

[3] Şerban Rădulescu–Zoner, Dunărea, Marea Neagră şi Puterile Centrale 1878–1898 (Cluj Napoca: Editura Dacia, 1982), 36.

[4]Ibid., 79.

[5] “Portul constanţa mişcare comercială şi maritimă a portului pe anul 1909, cu date comparative”, Buletinul Camerei de Comerciu şi Industrie, Circ. X Constanţa, February – March 1910, p. 168 and Comerţul exterior al României şi mişcarea porturilor, years 1909, 1911, 1912, 1913, 1914–1915.



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