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Composition of population by ethnicity    EN

Author: ARDELEANU KONSTANTIN

Available data is generally conflicting and unclear, also due to the manner in which such censuses were made, and to the fact that general totals rarely match the sums of all categories of population. In terms of these sources, they sometimes refer to citizenship and otherwise to ethnicity. Thus, the best source available, the official census for 1899, records citizenship, allowing no entries for categories such as the Jews or Armenians. In the category Turks (Ottomans) I have included the Turks and the Tartars, which in some statistics appear separate, whereas in others they are combined together.

Year

Total Population

Romanians

Greeks

Jews

Bulgarians

Russians

Germans

Serbians

Gipsies

Lipovans

Albanians

Polish

Armenians

English

French

Italians

Tartars

Hungarians

Turks (Ottomans)

Austrian–Hungarian

Other

1880 [1]

5,203

279

1,543

234

348

8

29

3

175

32

12

2,214

37

248

1894 [2]

10,419

2,519

2,460

855

1,060

33

331

4

559

45

51

109

181

2,202

9

1899 [3]

14,653

9,272

883

188

70

137

10

50

56

349

2,871

520

247

1902 [4]

13,385

7,367

1,133

335

66

132

32

-

 

45

36

177

3,096

920

40

1902 [5]

13,385

4,365

2,661

1,059

658

72

405

34

447

9

347

57

1,164

47

30

191

1,111

477

226

25

1905 [6]

15,777

9,165

2,327

812

831

309

610

105

95

217

1,315

1916 [7]

33,918

21,971

2,326

1,092

1,728

642

1,002

649

175

518

2,815

 


[1] Simion Tavitian, Armenii dobrogeni în istoria şi civilizaţia românilor (Constanţa: Ex Ponto, 2003), 28; Doina Păuleanu, Constanţa. Spectacolul modernităţii târzii. 1878–1928, (Constanţa: Muzeului de Artă Constanţa, 2005), vol. I, 87; Florin Stan. “Ethnic Communities from the Pontic Space. Jews from Constanţa (I)”, Anuarul Muzeului Marinei Române, 8 (2005), 225.

[2] M. D. Ionescu, Cercetări asupra oraşului Constanţa. Geografie şi istorie (Bucharest: Tipografia şi Fonderia de litere Thoma Basilescu, 1897), 88; Tavitian, Armenii, 28; Stan, “Ethnic Communities”, 225.

[3] Leonida Colescu, Recesământul general al populaţiunei României: Rezultate definitive precedate de o introducţiune cu explicaţiuni şi date comparative (Bucharest: Institutul de Arte Grafice Eminescu, 1905), 89.

[4] Păuleanu, Constanţa. Aventura unui proiect european (Constanţa: Ex Ponto, 2003), 19; Eadem, Spectacolul, I, 88.

[5]Situaţiunea generală a judeţului Constanţa la începutul anului 1903. Expunere întocmită de Scarlat Vârnav (Constanţa: Tipografia Aurora, 1904), 20–21.

[6] Tavitian, Armenii, 29; Stan, “Ethnic Communities”, 230.

[7] Tavitian, Armenii, 29; Stan, “Ethnic Communities”, 230.



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